Moreover, while bioplastics should initially be positioned as products with higher value added and specific applications, due to its higher price and appeal of sustainability, conventional resins remain focused on low cost applications (in case of commodities) or those in that requires high technical performance (in the case of specialties).
On the next five to seven years, there must be a significant drop in the price of bioplastics, influenced by the increase in production capacity and the level of oil prices. Thus, the gain of competitiveness reached before the petrochemical plastic, producers of bioplastics have to identify applications where it presents advantages over conventional resins. The issue of performance improvement will be even more important for biodegradable bioplastics from renewable sources.
Much research is underway to diversify the plant resources used in order to employ the largest possible number of carbon sources available in
nature (sugar, biomass, waste products etc.).
The transition to the concepts of biorefineries or the use of alternative energies (wind), are ongoing and strong evolution in the world.
Another class of bioplastics is a set of materials produced from petroleum, but 100% biodegradable, by its chemical nature.