Physical Properties

Materials

Type of bioplastic

Ressources

Properties

Applications

PLA

100% biobased and 100% compostable

Corn starch, sugar beet, tapioca. Transparent, stiff, easy to process, poor thermal resistance, poor barrier properties. Food packaging (trays, films, cups…), cosmetic, molded products, biocomposites.

PHA

100% biobased and 100 % biodegradable and compostable.

Corn starch, sugar (sugarcane, beet), biomass. Opaque to translucent, stiff to elastomeric, good thermal and barrier properties.

Biocomposites, molded products, packaging films.

Biopolyesters

Partially biobased and 100% biodegradable and compostable.

Mainly petroleum (development on biobased monomers, wastes). Opaque to translucent, stiff to soft, good thermal resistance and easy to process. Bags, mulch films, bottles, molded products.

Cellulose Derivatives

Mainly biobased and could be biodegradable and compostable.

Wood pulp.

Transparent stiff good barrier, mechanical and thermal
properties.

Food packaging (films), molded products.
Durables (biobased and not biodegradable)
BioPA, BioPE, BioPET
30 to 100 % biobased, not biodegradable and compostable. Sugarcane, molasses, biobased oils. Equivalent to common polymers, still recyclable and not biodegradable. All types of packaging, technical products.

Bioelastomers

Partially biobased and 100% compostable.

Mainly petroleum.

Very soft, good mechanical properties and easy to process.

Leisure and sport, molded products.

Starch based compounds

Partially biobased and 100% biodegradable and compostable.

Starch (corn, potatoes), meals, petroleum (biopolyester matrix).

Soft, easy to process, water sensitive and controlled biodegradation.

Bags, mulch films, horticulture.

Biocomposites

Mainly biobased and could be biodegradable and compostable.

Wood, hemp, linen, bamboo fibers and bioplastic matrix.

Stiff, good mechanical and thermal properties, easy to process.

Leisure and sport, habitat, horticulture.